James King log and journal

James King (1750-1784) served under Captain James Cook on his third and final voyage around the world. King shared responsiblilty with Cook in recording important astronomical readings to establish the Resolution's position at sea. King's work was an important contribution to the accuracy of the various surveys carried out during the voyage. Following Cook's death in 1779 in Hawaii, King helped lead the ships on the remainder of thier course. James Clarke assumed command of the expedition, however when he died of comsumption later that year, command was assumed by Lieutenants John Gore and James King.

King's logbook and journal records regular weather, sea and astronomical observations during the voyage. He describes the discovery of the Sandwich Isles (Hawaii) in 1778 and early interactions with the native peoples. His 'Vocabulary of Different Islands in the South Seas' includes languages of the Sandwich Isles, Easter Isles, Society Isles, Friendly Isles and New Zealand. The journal ends before their return to Hawaii and the death of Cook in 1779.

> Find James King log and journal of HMS Resolution, 1778, via the Library's online catalogue catalogue link

Selected TRANSCRIPT: 'Vocabulary of Different Islands in the South Seas', from James King, Log and journal of HMS Resolution, 1778 (Safe 1 / DLMS 98)

[Note: The following vocabularies were written in a tabular form. In the transcription they are grouped by country]

Sandwich Isles.
No.
One -Tahue
Two – Rooa
Three – Torao
Four – Ha
Five – Reima
Six – Oonoo
Seven – Heidoo
Eight – Waroo
Nine – Eeeva
Ten – Oomee
A Canoe – Evaa
A House – Haroye
A fish – Aua
A Dog – Erus
A Hatchet – Tou
Beard – Oo mee, Oinee
Belly – O’boo
Drink – A’ u noo
Eat – Ai
Ears – Pa’pa’how
Eyes – Matta
Foot – Kapooi
Hair – Ra’ooroo
Land – Henooa
Little – Ookoo,or Eetu
Great – Nu’ee

Easter Isld.
No.
One – Ko’tahau
Two - Rooa
Three – Toroo
Four - Haa
Five - Reema
Six - Hono
Seven - Hiddoo
Eight - Naroo
Nine - Heeva
Ten - Amakooroo
A Canoe - Vagga
A House – Te’harrea
A Fish - Eeka
A Dog – {there are none
A Hatchet - -
Beard – Ornu
Belly – Ka oopoo
Drink – Hy’noo
Eat - Magho
Ears - -
Eyes - Matta
Foot – A’wai
Hair - Tarreckan
Land - Hennooa
Little – Eetu
Great – Noou

Marquesas
No.
One - Attahaie
Two - Ahoaa
Three - Atoroo
Four – Af’a
Five - Aheema
Six – A’ono
Seven - Aweeteo
Eight - Awahoo
Nine - Akeieia
Ten - Weamanoo
A Canoe – E’vaa
A House - Tewharru
A Fish - Euya
A Dog – there are none}
A Hatchet - Toa
Beard - Oomee
Belly - Opoo
Drink - Aunoo
Eat - Maa
Ears – Boo.a’una
Eyes - Matta
Foot – A’wai
Hair - Oowho
Land - Wheunooa
Little - Eetee
Great – Arahai,dehy}
& noo u

Society Isles
No.
One - Attahaee
Two – E’rooa
Three - Toroo
Four - Ahea
Five - Aonoo
Six – A’ono
Seven – O‘heitoo
Eight - Awatoo
Nine - Aeiha
Ten - Ahooroo
A Canoe – E’vaa
A House – Te’wharree
A Fish - Eea
A Dog - Doree
A Hatchet – To’a
Beard - Oomu
Belly – O’boo
Drink - Aunoo
Eat - Ai
Ears – Ta’riea
Eyes - Matta
Foot – A’ivai
Hair - Arouroo
Land - Whennooa
Little - Eetu
Great - Lahai

Friendly Isles
No.
One - Tahau
Two - Eooa
Three - Toroo
Four – Af’a
Five - Neema
Six – O‘noo
Seven - Efeedoo
Eight - Ewaroo
Nine – E’eeva
Ten – Hongu fooroo
A Canoe - Wackka
A House – A’farree
A Fish - Eeka
A Dog - Gooru
A Hatchet – To’ghee
Beard – Oemu Koomee
Belly - Fatoo
Drink - Eenoo
Eat - Ky
Ears - Tatinga
Eyes - Matta
Foot - Ewai
Hair – La’hootoo
Land - Henua
Little – Eehu,orgee (soft)
Great - Lahai

New Zealand
No.
One – Tahai
Two - Rooa
Three - Toroo
Four - Tofa
Five - Reema
Six - Honnoo
Seven - Widdoo
Eight - Waroo
Nine - Heeva
Ten - Angahooroo
A Canoe - Teisagga
A House -Tefarree
A Fish - Eeka
A Dog – Goree
A Hatchet – To’gher
Beard - Goomu
Belly - Kopoo
Drink – Ainoo
Eat – E’kai
Ears - Taringa
Eyes – Matta
Foot – Wai.wai
Hair – Hooloo
Land – When’nooa
Little - Eeter
Great – Arabat or Noou

Sandwich Isles.
Man – Tanata
Mouth - Ava
Nose - Eehu
Sea - Tai
Water - Evy
Woman – Wa’hune
Sun – Er’rah
Moon - Mahuna
Friend - Hoa
[indecipherable] - Oowhee
Sugar Cane - To
[indecipherable]ldy Root - Tarro
Sweet Potato – Oo’warro
Breadfruit - Ooroo
Plantains – Mai ua
Cocoa Nuts – Nei oo
Hog – Booa
What is that – E’hame
How many – E’hua
[indecipherable] - Ow
You - Outoro
Come here - Hiddimey
Tomorrow – A’bobo

Easter Isld
Man - Papa
Mouth - -
Nose - -
Sea - -
Water - Evy
Woman - -
Sun - Eraa
Moon - Maramarama
Friend - -
[indecipherable] – Oo’her
Sugar Cane - To
[indecipherable]ldy Root - Tarro
Sweet Potato – Goo,morra
Breadfruit – (there are none)
Plantains – Maia, & Foogee
Cocoa Nuts – (none)
Hog – (none)
What is that - -
How many - -
[indecipherable] - -
You - -
Come here - -
Tomorrow - -

Marquesas
Man - Tute
Mouth – Eova’fa
Nose – Ee’hea
Sea - -
Water - Evy
Woman - Vehunu
Sun - Era
Moon - Marama
Friend - -
[indecipherable] – there are none
Sugar Cane - To
[indecipherable]ldy Root - -
Sweet Potato - -
Breadfruit – Mai,Oeroo
Plantains - Maia
Cocoa Nuts – Nu oo
Hog - Booa
What is that - -
How many - -
[indecipherable] - Wou
You - -
Come here - -
Tomorrow - -

Society Isles
Man - Tata
Mouth - Ava
Nose – E’her
Sea - Tai
Water - Evy
Woman - Waihune
Sun – Eva, or Mahanna
Moon - Marama
Friend - Hoa
[indecipherable] – Ei oo hu
Sugar Cane - To
[indecipherable]ldy Root - Tarro
Sweet Potato - Oomarra
Breadfruit - Ooroo
Plantains - Maia
Cocoa Nuts – Arru or Nu oo
Hog - Booa
What is that – Ehane or Ehaterra
How many – E’hua
[indecipherable] - Wou
You – O’u
Come here - Arramy
Tomorrow – A’boba

Friendly Isles
Man - Tongata
Mouth - -
Nose – Ee’hu
Sea - Tai
Water - Evy
Woman – Ve’fainu
Sun - Ala
Moon - Mahuna
Friend - Whoa
[indecipherable] - Oo’fu
Sugar Cane - To
[indecipherable]ldy Root - Tarro
Sweet Potato – Oofeeter (sweet yam)
Breadfruit – Maitru
Plantains - Foodgee
Cocoa Nuts – Nu oo
Hog - Booaka
What is that – Kovha ua
How many – A’faia
[indecipherable] - Ow
You - Koe
Come here – How’enne
Tomorrow – Abungu Gungu

New Zealand
Man - Tongata
Mouth - -
Nose - Eheas
Sea - Moanne
Water - Evy
Woman – Wahoine
Sun - Eera
Moon- Marama
Friend - Ehoa
[indecipherable] – there are none
Sugar Cane – (none)
[indecipherable]ldy Root – (none)
Sweet Potato – (none)
Breadfruit – (none)
Plantains – (none)
Cocoa Nuts – (none)
Hog – (none)
What is that - -
How many - -
[indecipherable] - -
You - -
Come here - -
Tomorrow - -

[Transcribed by Robin Mathews for the State Library of New South Wales]